There's an amazing word called sonder.
It's the realization that each random passerby is living a life as vivid and complex as your own. That every single person you see has their own goals, strengths, and struggles.
We can't help but imagine that everyone else sees the world pretty much like we do. But the truth is that most of those minds in the crowd would be utterly alien to you.
If you're detail-oriented, does it blow your mind that other people can submit a resume full of spelling mistakes? If you're a lover of beauty, how can other people ignore a gorgeous sunset? If you're focused on innovation, why are other people so stuck on tradition?
People's minds are structured very differently, and that's why it feels like we're talking past each other so often. What if there were a better way?
Think about your group of friends or co-workers. Who's the planner? The crazy idea person? The cheerleader?
We don't want to box people in, but some natural archetypes do emerge in terms of how people's minds are organized. The problem is that it can take a while to understand which archetype fits other people and even ourselves.
Imagine if you could quickly exchange a single code word when you met someone: the name of your archetype. With this one word, you'd immediately understand what energizes them, how they absorb new information, and how they make decisions.
Think about how much that would transform your ability to communicate with your colleagues, friends, and romantic partners.
Good news: There are in fact 16 code words, and you're about to learn them.
(Last updated on March 4, 2021—scroll down to see what changed)
(New on May 14, 2021: Curious about cryptocurrency? Check out my brand new 10-post series explaining it from absolute beginner level through more advanced topics.)
Thanks so much for taking my test. If you appreciate the way I explore nuances and explain complex information, please consider checking out my other projects:
As an ENTP, one of my greatest gifts is synthesizing, categorizing, and simplifying information. I write about topics like personal growth, motivation, feelings, group dynamics, and Myers-Briggs.
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My goal is to guide you through the complex subject of race and racism with gentleness and without judgment or shaming. It's ok to have a lot of questions. If you're looking for Race 101, this is a great place to start. I'll go through it all step-by-step in a way that's non-political and approachable to anyone.
I've spent over a decade working with leaders and teams at some of the top companies in the world. Do you struggle with decision-making, procrastination and motivation, social anxiety and confidence, fully feeling your feelings, or worrying that you're on the wrong life path? That's exactly where I was several years ago, and I believe I can help you.
March 4, 2021 Update:
Three updates today:
First, on the final page of instructions in the intro, I wrote about some of the ways your type can be skewed by your life circumstances, and I made the suggestion to answer the questionnaire as your child or teenage self might have.
Second, I added a big new section to the top textbox on the results page (at the bottom of it). It has info about: using typology for good reasons rather than boxing people in, immature and mature versions of types, and whether or not your type can change over time.
Third, I completely revamped the detailed results page for INFJ's.
February 7, 2021 Update:
Exciting news: I added a brand new section to the test with four new questions (screens 29 and 30). Before this, the test only asked you questions comparing Te to Ti, Fe to Fi, Se to Si, and Ne to Ni. To be more thorough, the new page has a question each for comparing Te to Fe, Ti to Fi, Se to Ne, and Ni to Ni. This should add even more precision to your results, and your old bookmarked results URL's should still work fine with the new version. If anything feels off with this new update, you can access the previous version here. Please email me at email@example.com if you have any feedback or notice any problems.
I also made a few small tweaks to hopefully decrease the page load time slightly. And, I added some links above to my other projects. Thanks again for visiting, and I hope you're doing ok with everything going on in the world!
October 1, 2020 Update:
I've updated the results algorithm for the first time in a few years. This is based on a combination of feedback from visitors (thank you!) and my own evolving opinions about the relative importance of each piece when calculating a person's most likely types.
The algorithm change isn't dramatic; but, among several changes, the most significant one is reducing the importance placed on the "type families" question toward the end (by the way, I also updated the descriptions of each of those families).
Any saved results URLs you have from the previous algorithm will automatically update to use the new one. And if you'd prefer to use the old version of the test, you can access it here.
P.S., Pro-tip for desktop users: you can use the right-arrow key on your keyboard to quickly advance through the instruction screens at the beginning of the test.
June 8, 2020 Update: Thanks for visiting. Do you have questions about race, racism, or the protests happening right now? If so, I'd like to humbly suggest another website I created that's dedicated to explaining race in America in an approachable, step-by-step way without judgment or politics. Thank you, and I hope you stay safe with everything going on.
April 26, 2020 Update: Redesigned the mobile version of this site. Thanks for sticking with it earlier when it wasn't as easy to use.
Carl Jung—one of the most renowned psychologists in history—discovered patterns for how people take in new information and make decisions. He called these 8 patterns cognitive functions, and groupings of those functions became what we now call Myers-Briggs personality types.
Everyone is unique. But Jung's research revealed some clear correlations between personality attributes. For example, most people who speak quickly and "think out loud" tend to also recharge their energy by being around people. And most people who prefer step-by-step procedures also tend to be more oriented toward the tangible past or present than the future or the abstract.
By mastering type dynamics, you'll be able to answer questions like... (TIP: Throughout the site, you'll see these buttons when more information is available. Tap once to expand and again to collapse.)
Ever take an online quiz with questions like, "Would you rather stay home and read a book or go to a party?" How are you supposed to answer that? The only reasonable response is, "It depends."
Don't worry: This test is different. I've very carefully written my questions to get to the heart of what makes you tick.
So what can you expect? Well, the Myers-Briggs system is popular everywhere from Fortune 500 companies to online dating websites. So instead of introducing new terms, we'll be using the same Myers-Briggs four-letter personality types (things like ISTJ and ENFP).
But, nearly every other personality test stops with those four letters. We'll be going a step further by breaking those four-letter types down into their Jungian cognitive functions (things like Ti and Se).
So guess what? Contrary to what those hundreds of other terrible personality tests would tell you, it's perfectly normal if you like partying one night but feel like staying home alone to read the next. Because the truth is: No one is 100% an extrovert or 100% an introvert. We're all a bit of both, and your type's cognitive functions will explain why.
Like I said, there are a lot of bad personality tests out there, and I'm promising a lot.
But, personality typing is all about understanding differences. And different communication styles work best for different types of people. So, let's put that concept to work. If you're a skeptic, click the + button for an alternative introduction to this subject.
You're skeptical, and reasonably so. How is this Myers-Briggs stuff any different from fortune-telling?
You're probably thinking that each of these personality types will be generic enough that anyone can be made to believe that each one applies to them.
Fair concern, but here are three reasons why this system is different:
The Barnum Effect is a technique used by magicians and so-called psychics. They promise a hapless victim that they've seen into their mind and written something very specifically tailored to them. In reality, the charlatan simply wrote something vague and general enough that anyone would find some truth in it. Here's a short example:
In contrast, take a look at these three Jungian personality type summaries:
Sure, we all act a bit differently in different situations, but those are three fundamentally different ways of looking at the world. There are 16 types, and they all take in, process, and act on information differently.
There are 16 personality types, each made up of 4 letters called dimensions.
There are a lot of common misconceptions about Myers-Briggs personality typing...
If you've read anything about Myers-Briggs, you've probably seen descriptors like "Feeler" and "Thinker." The logic behind these ideas is reasonable, but the words Myers and Briggs chose to represent them are confusing. Being a Thinker doesn't mean you're a robot incapable of feeling feelings, and being a Feeler doesn't mean you're overly emotional and unable to use logic.
Also, remember that your type simply reveals your preferences for how you take in information and make decisions. You probably use all of the letters every day, but your four-letter type combination reveals which ones come most naturally to you.
Here's a short overview of the 4 dimensions (to avoid confusion, we'll ignore the badly-chosen words they stand for and just look at the letters):
If they're low on energy, I's recharge by having time alone or with close friends, and E's recharge by being with other people. I's tend to gather their thoughts first and then speak, whereas E's think out loud. Common misconception: This has nothing to do with shyness or quietness — E's can get bored at parties, and I's can be very talkative. Rather, it's about what kinds of things energize and de-energize you.
S's prefer hard, practical facts — they're oriented toward the 5 senses and what's actually going on in the world around them. N's prefer ideas, patterns, and imagination, looking at the big picture and making connections in their mind. S's tend to look to the past and present, but N's look to the future and the what-if.
T's want to examine information objectively, analyzing what's logically true and false, and breaking things down into pros and cons. F's are more driven by their internal personal values, and they consider how decisions will affect people and their feelings.
J's are organized, driven, and decisive, finishing work in advance and driving projects toward completion. P's procrastinate and work well under adrenaline — they love beginning new projects, coming up with endless ideas, and finding inventive solutions (even if it takes longer).
People in the psychology community often look down on Myers-Briggs, calling the system too simplistic. For example, what if you feel like you're in between a T and an F? Or, just because you're an S, does that mean you have no N whatsoever? What if you're a bit of everything?
That's where Jungian type dynamics come in. The truth is that a T does indeed have some F in them, an N has some S in them as well, and everyone is part I and part E.
The T/F and N/S dimensions actually have "sub-types" called cognitive functions. T splits into Ti and Te, N splits into Ni and Ne, etc. The 'i' stands for introverted and the 'e' for extroverted, so that Ti refers to a T facing inward and Te refers to a T facing outward. As you can see, even though two types might have a letter like T in common, each type's version of T might manifest very differently.
All 16 types have four cognitive functions (each of which can be Ti, Te, Fi, Fe, Si, Se, Ni, or Ne), and they're in a very specific order:
To recap, every type has 4 dimensions and 4 cognitive functions. For example, an ENTP has the dimensions E, N, T, and P, and it has the cognitive functions Ne, Ti, Fe, and Si. Notice how even though there's no F in ENTP, they actually still do use an F-based cognitive function. Figuring out a type's cognitive functions can be a little tricky, but here's how to do it if you're interested (otherwise, the final page of the test will list them all)...
Each section will help you decide which of the cognitive function variants you're most comfortable with (e.g., Fi or Fe, Si or Se, etc.).
Everyone uses all of the cognitive functions throughout their lives, but some should seem far more familiar than others. That's why it's important to indicate how strongly you identify with each one.
Choose the "neutral" option if you feel that both choices apply equally well, if you can't decide, or if you don't particularly identify with either one.
To get the best results...
Be honest and answer what feels most like who you truly are, not who you wish you were or who you feel forced to be by external pressures like work or family.
Each of us has led a complex life full of all sorts of influences: how you were raised, the society and culture you were born into, what you were told a "good person" looks like, what you saw on TV, how you were incentivized to act at work, what you were told someone of your gender is supposed to be like, and so much more.
It can be hard to find your true personality type underneath all that baggage and all those layers of armor you might have had to put on.
So, as you answer the questionnaire, try to think about how your truest, most authentic self would answer. If you can, imagine how you might have answered as a kid or a teenager. Or, notice which answer you would feel most pulled toward if no one was watching or judging you.
Remember too that personality types apply to your whole life, so think in broad terms about the words used (e.g., "project" could mean either a task at work or a hobby at home).
It can be helpful to compare yourself to other people you know (or even to characters in movies or books). For example, if a question asks whether you like group brainstorming, consider where you fall on the spectrum at work — when brainstorming time comes around, are you one of the most excited or least excited of your colleagues? Similarly, if the question asks about your relationship with the physical world, do you tend to be clumsier than your friends, or are you the person constantly pointing out beautiful or interesting things around you?
The test should take 15-20 minutes. Let's get started.
Please bookmark this page or copy the current URL to save your results and come back to them later.
Your results are below, ordered from most to least likely. But the point values listed on each type are just a general guide. You're the only one who knows how your mind truly works, so read through the top few results and pick the one you think is the best match. Also, the bar charts only tell part of the story since the quiz included questions about other aspects of type beyond just the functions.
By the way, I created this test because I love Myers-Briggs. I've found personality typing to be hugely beneficial in my own personal growth and in my relationships, and I wanted to help people understand that Myers-Briggs goes way beyond just the four letters. I'm also a transformation coach and counselor, so if you'd like to work with someone who has expertise in Myers-Briggs—xNTP's in particular (I'm an ENTP)—please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit my coaching website to learn more about my own journey and how I help people with things like confidence, procrastination, and fulfillment. Thanks for reading!
Here are some tips and reminders for interpreting your results:
And here are some important things to keep in mind around: using typology for good reasons rather than boxing people in, immature and mature versions of types, and whether or not your type can change over time: